December 9, 2019

Hormones and Oral Health

Women experience unique hormonal changes that make them more susceptible to oral health problems. Hormone surges make them more vulnerable as the female hormones namely estrogen and progesterone, stimulate more blood flow to your gums which makes them react more sensitively.

Hormones are a fact of life, so start by paying extra attention and taking good care of your mouth during these five times in your life during which hormones fluctuation is more common.


The rage in hormones that occurs during puberty can increase the blood flow to the gums that can make your gums red, swollen, and even cause them to bleed. An increase in blood flow can change the way gum tissues react to irritants of plaque, which more likely cause bleeding during brushing and flossing.

Monthly Menstrual Cycle:

Menstruation gingivitis usually occurs a day or two before the start of the period and clears up shortly after the period has started. This happens due to an increase in your hormones, particularly progesterone that is more likely to occur during the menstrual cycle.

Utilizing Birth Control Pills:

Inflammation may be a side effect for women who take birth control pills. Birth control pills have progesterone that increases the level of hormones in the body. Due to the body’s exaggerated reaction to the toxins produced from plaque you may experience inflamed gums.

Women who consume oral contraceptives are likely to experience dry sockets compared to those who don’t. Of 100 women who take birth control pills, 13.9% experience dry socket. Only 7.54% out of 100 women who did not take birth control had this complication.

You need to inform your dentist if you are using oral contraceptives.


Hormone levels change considerably during pregnancy. During pregnancy, your body experiences a hormonal hyperdrive. You may experience pregnancy gingivitis, which increases the level of progesterone that causes gum disease.

Regular dental check-ups during pregnancy are incredibly important. Frequent cleanings during your second trimester and early third trimester help control gingivitis


Menopause is a huge change in a woman’s life, and numerous oral changes occur in advanced age due to hormonal changes, including altered taste, burning sensations in your mouth, and increased sensitivity.

Your weight, your mood, your dental health, one thing that makes all these aspects go haywire is hormones. The best dentist in Panchkula, Dr. Sanjay Kalra, believes that regular visits to your dentist are a must for a professional oral examination and cleaning.

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